Priority Policy

Healthy Food Financing Initiative


Healthy Food Financing Initiative

Increasing healthy food access for kids and families through community investments

More than 23 million Americans live in a food desert—an area that lacks grocery stores, supermarkets, or farmers markets—circumstances which make it harder for people to obtain fresh, affordable foods. The Healthy Food Financing Initiative (HFFI) is a public-private partnership that provides grants and loans to finance the construction and development of grocery stores and other healthy food retailers in these underserved areas. HFFI is jointly administered at the federal level by USDA, HHS, and the Treasury Department. The 2014 Farm Bill authorized $125 million for HFFI and permanently established the program under USDA. The 2018 Farm Bill reauthorized HFFI and expands the definition of eligible HFFI investments beyond retail stores to “food enterprises” that can broaden investments in particularly underserved or food insecure communities.

Low-income urban and rural communities tend to have both poor access to healthy food and disproportionately higher rates of adult and childhood obesity and related diseases; some studies have shown an association between greater supermarket availability and lower prevalence of obesity. Since 2011, more than $220 million in federal funding has been distributed through HFFI. Between 2011 and 2015, HFFI funding helped support or develop nearly 1,000 grocery stores nationwide.


Strong policies can help children and families eat healthier foods and be active. RWJF offers specific policy recommendations to help ensure more children in the United States have consistent access to healthy foods from the earliest days of life, in order to help them grow up at a healthy weight.

See All Policy Recommendations

Featured Studies and Resources


Pennsylvania HFFI Project Spurs National Model

The national HFFI is modeled on the Pennsylvania Fresh Food Financing Initiative which leveraged $30 million in state grants into $190 million in total investments. The program financed 88 projects that created or retained more than 5,000 jobs.

See Report

Baltimore Grocery Store = Local Community Anchor

With help from an HFFI award, a 68,000 square foot ShopRite supermarket was built in Howard Park, a West Baltimore neighborhood that had been without a grocery store for more than a decade. The new store created 250 jobs for local residents and includes an on-site health clinic. The supermarket participates in SNAP and WIC and carries a variety ethnic products that cater to the diverse preferences of its community.

Read Story

California Establishes Cooperative, Generates Revenue

Mandela Foods Cooperative, an HFFI grantee, established its first grocery co-op in Oakland, California. From 2013-2016, it distributed more than 650,000 pounds of fresh produce, nearly half of which came from small family farms within 200 miles of Oakland. As a result, the co-op helped keep farmers increase their income by more than $300,000, and it has generated more than $5.5 million in new revenue.

Read Story

Fast Facts


Nearly 40 million Americans lack access to fresh, healthy food in their community.

Read More


HFFI’s public-private partnership model has leveraged $220 million in federal funding into an estimated $1 billion in additional private investments, resources, loans and tax incentives.

Read More


37 states have used public HFFI funding to bring more grocery stores and healthy food retailers to their neighborhoods and alleviate food deserts.

Read More

Data to Share

Some studies associate increased supermarket availability with increased fruit and vegetable intake, especially among black residents.
Children who live far away from a grocery store appear to have higher BMIs than children living closer to a store.
The New Orleans Fresh Food Retailer Initiative is a partnership between city leaders, the Hope Enterprise Corporation, & the Food Trust. The program received $7 million in block grants, plus HFFI funding, benefitting 4 projects & creating nearly 200 jobs.
The New Jersey Food Access Initiative has secured more than $25 million in state funding that has leveraged $159 million in private investments, supporting 22 projects that have resulted in more than 1,700 permanent jobs.
The Michigan Good Food Fund is a public-private fund that provides financing & business assistance for healthy food retail projects in underserved communities. An initial state investment of $3 million leveraged $27 million in private investments.