Safe Routes to School

Father and daughter walking down road holding hands

Safe Routes to School

Kids and families can more easily incorporate physical activity into their daily routines if their communities are bike- and wheel-friendly

Safe Routes to Schools (SRTS) is a policy that promotes walking and wheeling to and from school by providing communities with resources to build sidewalks and bike paths, add crosswalks, and improve lighting and signage to ensure safe conditions. Although the program is focused on getting to school, the ultimate goal of building walking and biking infrastructure should support activity throughout a given community.

Between 2005 and 2012, the federal SRTS program provided more than $1 billion in funding to states and communities to support infrastructure improvements and education to make it easier and safer for children to walk and wheel to and from school. Subsequently, SRTS was combined with other federal programs designed to encourage walking and wheeling; the Surface Transportation Block Grant (STBG) program for transportation alternatives provides $850 million annually through 2020 to fund SRTS and related projects.

COVID-19 Context

In an effort to prevent the spread of COVID-19, many public parks were closed or facility use was limited. And months of school closures have prevented many students from engaging in the regular activity they would get during recess and physical education class. But being active may help reduce one’s risk for COVID-19 or reduce the strength of symptoms if one does become sick.

Many existing policy options for making physical activity easier and safer still apply, even during the pandemic. For instance, the Safe Routes Partnership has published resources to assist communities in implementing their Safe Routes to School strategies in ways that are safe for their communities in the beginning of the 2020-21 school year.


While the pandemic continues, state and local leaders should work together to support access to and use of parks in ways that are safe given local conditions.

As states and school districts consider their school reopening plans, they should try to incorporate opportunities for physical activity for students in ways that are safe and healthy given local conditions.

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Featured Studies and Resources


“Walk. Bike. Get Fit.” in Arizona

With federal SRTS funding secured by the Arizona Department of Transportation, Kinsey Elementary School in Flagstaff, Arizona, implemented a comprehensive safety education program called “Walk. Bike. Get Fit.” The percentage of students walking and biking to school rose from 6% to 25%.

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Investing in Safe Routes

This report reviews the economic benefits of Safe Routes to School, including reducing costs of obesity due to increased physical activity.

Read the Report

Build a Safe Routes Program

In 2019, Safe Routes Partnership published a step-by-step guide that can help your school start a Safe Routes to School Program or strengthen an existing one.

Access toolkit

Fast Facts


Fewer than 15% of all U.S. children walk or bicycle to school.

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A study in New York City found Safe Routes to School infrastructure reduced pedestrian injuries from school travel by 44 percent.

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Overall, 34 states have some form of a Complete Streets policy in place.

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Data to Share

A safety analysis by the California Department of Transportation estimated that SRTS was responsible for up to a 49 percent decline in childhood bicycle and pedestrian collision rates.
A study of more than 800 schools in DC, FL, OR, and TX found that Safe Routes to School interventions resulted in an average 31 percent increase in walking and biking to school over a five-year period.
Parent survey results from 2007 through 2013 indicated that walking to and from these schools increased from 12 to 15 percent in the morning (a 25 percent increase), and from about 15 to 19 percent in the afternoon (a 27 percent increase).