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Obesity Rates: WIC Participants Ages 2-4

Updated June 2019: The rate of obesity has declined among 2- to 4-year-olds enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC). From 2010 to 2016, the national rate of obesity dropped from 15.9% to 13.9%. The decline was statistically significant among all racial and ethnic groups studied: American Indian/Alaska Native, Asian/Pacific Islander, black, Hispanic, and white.

The map below highlights the most recent state-level data. From 2010 to 2014, the obesity rate among WIC participants ages 2-4 decreased in 31 states and three territories, increased in four states and remained stable in the rest. In 2014, obesity rates exceeded 15% in 18 states and ranged from a low of 8.2% in Utah and a high of 20.0% in Virginia.

Learn more about how the WIC program can promote health and nutrition from pregnancy through the first five years.

Obesity Rate: WIC Participants Ages 2-4,

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Percent of WIC participants ages 2-4 with obesity

Data Source: The CDC and the USDA conducted a study analyzing trends in obesity from 2000 to 2014 among 2- to 4-year-old WIC participants. The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children Participant and Program Characteristics: a biennial census by USDA that includes participants who are certified to receive WIC benefits between April 1 and April 30 of the reporting year. Data for 2000, 2004, 2010, and 2014. Data for 2008 and 2012: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity. Data, Trend and Maps. [accessed Jan 18, 2018].

1 Pan L, Freedman DS, Sharma AJ, et al. Trends in Obesity Among Participants Aged 2-4 Years in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children - United States, 2000–2014. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 2016;65:1256–1260. DOI.

2 Pan L, Park S, Slayton R, Goodman AB, Blanck HM. Trends in Severe Obesity Among Children Aged 2 to 4 Years Enrolled in Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children From 2000 to 2014. JAMA Pediatr. Published online January 08, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.4301